Innocent III

   Innocent was born Giovanni Lotario de’ Conti and was educated at the Universities of Paris and Bologna. In 1190 he was made a Cardinal-Deacon and, at the age of thirty-seven, he was unanimously elected Pope. He is generally regarded as one of the greatest of the mediaeval Popes. He was the author of the widely read ascetical treatise De Miseria Humanae Conditionis. He reorganised the administration of the city of Rome and expanded the Papal States. He launched the Fourth Crusade in 1202 and managed to establish the Latin Kingdom of Constantinople.
   He did not succeed, however, in uniting the Eastern and Western Churches. He supported Otto of Brunswick in his quest to become Holy Roman Emperor. Then when Otto invaded Sicily, he excommunicated him and put his weight behind Frederick II. He reconciled King Philip Augustus of France to his wife and he excommunicated John, King of England, for refusing to accept Stephen langton as Archbishop of Canterbury. However, he is mainly remembered for summoning the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215. The suppression of the Albigensian heresy, the approval of the term ‘transubstantiation’, the necessity of the payment of tithes and the encouragement of the foundation of schools, were among its many decrees. The Council thus did much to shape the policy of the Church in the later Middle Ages.
   C.R. Chesney, Pope Innocent 111 and England (1976);
   S.R. Packard, Europe and the Church under Innocent 111 (1968);
   H. Tillman, Pope Innocent 111 (1980).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Innocent III — (Giovanni Lotario de Conti) 1161? 1216, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1198 1216. * * * orig. Lothar of Segni born 1160/61, Gavignano Castle, Campagna di Roma, Papal States died July 16, 1216, Perugia Pope (1198–1216). Innocent, who was trained in… …   Universalium

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  • Innocent III — (ca. 1160–1216)    pope    Innocent III was the most powerful and influential pope of the high Middle Ages, and in terms of political power as well as spiritual authority, his pontificate marks the historical apex of papal influence.He succeeded… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Innocent (III) — ▪ antipope original name  Lando Di Sezze   born , Sezze, Papal States died , La Cava, Apulia       last of four antipopes (1179–80) during the pontificate of Alexander III. A member of a family of German origin, he was a cardinal when elected on… …   Universalium

  • Innocent III —    Pope (q.v.) from 1198 1216 whose efforts at church union (q.v.) reached an unforeseen conclusion in the Fourth Crusade s (q.v.) conquest of Constantinople (q.v.). Innocent lost control of the Crusade to the Venetians, who used the Crusade to… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • INNOCENT III —    1) Pope from 1198 to 1216;    2) the greatest of the name, born in Arragon; succeeded Celestine III.; extended the territorial power of the Church, and made nearly all Christendom subject to its sway; essayed the recovery of Palestine, and… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Innocent III — noun Italian pope from 1198 to 1216 who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161 1216) • Syn: ↑Lotario di Segni • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pope, ↑Catholic Pope, ↑Roman Catholic Pope …   Useful english dictionary

  • Innocent III (antipape) — Innocent III (Lando Sitino), né à Sezze en Italie, est un religieux catholique italien du XIIe siècle, qui fut antipape en 1179 et 1180. Il est élu le 29 mars 1179 en tant que successeur de Calixte III par quelques cardinaux… …   Wikipédia en Français

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